THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRIVATE HEIs IN MALAYSIA
The world economic recession in 1997 has had a significant impact on the development of local private higher education. With a massive reduction in the number of government sponsored students for overseas study, non-university level private higher education institutions are allowed to manage their programmes in collaboration with universities abroad such as UK, Australia, New Zealand and France through the 3+0 programme where students will complete their overall study at a local Private HEIs.
The Private HEIís vast experience in providing overseas collaborative programmes brought about the establishment of collaborative programmes between Public HEIs and Private HEIs through the franchises. The collaboration between Private and Public HEIs has raised the quality of higher education provided by Private HEIs. Hence, Private HEIs obtained experience in the quality assurance of the study programmes offered.
Private HEIs in Malaysia is categorized into two, namely, Private HEIs of University status and Private HEIs of Non-University status. For the Private HEIs with University status, there are three categories, which are, Private HEIs of University status, University College, Foreign University Branch campus and for Private HEIs of non-university status, there is the Private HEIs of College status.
Up until 31 December 2009, there are 20 Private HEIs of University and University College respectively, 5 Foreign University Branch campuses and 393 colleges.
In line with the increase in the number of Private HEIs, collaborations between local Private HEIs has also increased in number with the increase in the number of foreign countries collaborating with local Private HEIs. Among the countries collaborating with local Private HEIs are UK, Australia, USA, Canada, New Zealand, Ireland, France, Egypt, Indonesia and India.
Now Private HEIs are not only complementing the private higher education, but is also the catalyst for the realization of Malaysia an international higher education hub of excellence.